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Fb2 Naive Semantics for Natural Language Understanding (The International Series in Engineering and Computer Science) ePub

by Kathleen Dahlgren

Category: Computer Science
Subcategory: Technologies and Computers
Author: Kathleen Dahlgren
ISBN: 0898382874
ISBN13: 978-0898382877
Language: English
Publisher: Kluwer Academic; 1988 edition (August 31, 1988)
Pages: 258
Fb2 eBook: 1794 kb
ePub eBook: 1373 kb
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The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science.

The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science. The basic assumption of NS is that knowing what a word means is not very different from knowing anything else, so that there is no difference in form of cognitive representation between lexical semantics and ency­ clopedic knowledge.

semantic analysis by Wolfgang Minker, Alex Waibel, Joseph Mariani 1999.

In a general setting the term has been used to refer to the use of a limited store of generally understood knowledge about a specific domain in the world, and has been applied to fields such as the knowledge based design of data schemas.

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Main Author: Dahlgren, Kathleen.

Naive semantics is an approach used in computer science for .

For instance the word "water" and the assertion water(X) may be associated with the three predicates clear(X), liquid(X) and tasteless(X). YouTube Encyclopedic.

This book introduces a theory, Naive Semantics (NS), a theory of the knowledge underlying natural language understanding. The basic assumption of NS is that knowing what a word means is not very different from knowing anything else, so that there is no difference in form of cognitive representation between lexical semantics and ency­ clopedic knowledge. NS represents word meanings as commonsense knowledge, and builds no special representation language (other than elements of first-order logic). The idea of teaching computers common­ sense knowledge originated with McCarthy and Hayes (1969), and has been extended by a number of researchers (Hobbs and Moore, 1985, Lenat et aI, 1986). Commonsense knowledge is a set of naive beliefs, at times vague and inaccurate, about the way the world is structured. Traditionally, word meanings have been viewed as criterial, as giving truth conditions for membership in the classes words name. The theory of NS, in identifying word meanings with commonsense knowledge, sees word meanings as typical descriptions of classes of objects, rather than as criterial descriptions. Therefore, reasoning with NS represen­ tations is probabilistic rather than monotonic. This book is divided into two parts. Part I elaborates the theory of Naive Semantics. Chapter 1 illustrates and justifies the theory. Chapter 2 details the representation of nouns in the theory, and Chapter 4 the verbs, originally published as "Commonsense Reasoning with Verbs" (McDowell and Dahlgren, 1987). Chapter 3 describes kind types, which are naive constraints on noun representations.
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