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Fb2 The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume 1 (Foundations of Natural History) ePub

by Harriet Ritvo,Charles Darwin

Category: Biological Sciences
Subcategory: Science books
Author: Harriet Ritvo,Charles Darwin
ISBN: 0801858666
ISBN13: 978-0801858666
Language: English
Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press (March 24, 1998)
Pages: 500
Fb2 eBook: 1931 kb
ePub eBook: 1608 kb
Digital formats: mobi docx mbr lit

The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication is a book by Charles Darwin that was first published in January 1868.

The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication is a book by Charles Darwin that was first published in January 1868.

Variation showed Darwin hard at work on this rearguard action, using the .

Variation showed Darwin hard at work on this rearguard action, using the materials he had at hand. His information was gleaned from the observations of fanciers, breeders, and amateur naturalists, as well as from the treatises of those on the cutting edge of zoology and botany. Be the first to ask a question about The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. His 1859 book On the Origin of Species established evolution by common descent as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature.

ГлавнаяЗарубежная классикаЧарльз ДарвинThe Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication . The subjects discussed in this volume are so connected that it is not a little difficult to decide how they can be best arranged

ГлавнаяЗарубежная классикаЧарльз ДарвинThe Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication - Volume 1. Уменьшить шрифт (-) Увеличить шрифт (+). Чарльз Дарвин The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication - Volume 1. INTRODUCTION. The subjects discussed in this volume are so connected that it is not a little difficult to decide how they can be best arranged. I have determined in the first part to give, under the heads of the various animals and plants, a large body of facts, some of which may at first appear but little related to our subject, and to devote the latter part to general discussions.

The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species. Insectivorous Plants. The Voyage of the Beagle by Charles Darwin. On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection, or, the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Note on the Resemblances and Differences in the Structure and the Development of the Brain in Man and Apes. Read whenever, wherever.

Table 1: principal additions and corrections in this.

Volume 1 deals with variations introduced into species as a result of domestication.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Sometimes he seems on the verge of being overwhelmed by the problems he is dealing with, but then a curious fact of natural history will engage him (the webbing between water gun-dogs' toes, the absurdly short beak of the pouter pigeon) and his determination to make sense of it rekindles. As he disarmingly declares, 'the whole subject of inheritance is wonderful. Volume 1 deals with variations introduced into species as a result of domestication.

Darwin was well into his work on domestication, obtaining skeletons of fowl and animals, borrowing specimens or stewing . This would eventually lead to his book The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

Darwin was well into his work on domestication, obtaining skeletons of fowl and animals, borrowing specimens or stewing pigeons he had bred and rabbits he had requested, "I want it dead for the skeleton, not knocked on the head". He continued to suffer from illness and worries about the health of his children, and felt "incessant anxiety" about his daughter Henrietta.

Charles Darwin (1809-1882) first published this work in 1868 in two volumes. The book began as an expansion of the first two chapters of On the Origin of Species: 'Variation under Domestication' and 'Variation under Nature', and it developed into one of his largest works; Darwin referred to it as his 'big book'. Volume 1 deals with the variations introduced into species as a result of domestication, through changes in climate, diet, breeding and an absence of predators. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) first published this work in 1868 in two volumes.

Books related to The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, both volumes in a single file.

In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology, as it provides a unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life. Books related to The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, both volumes in a single file.

The publication of Darwin's On the Origin of Species in 1859 ignited a public storm he neither wanted nor enjoyed. Having offered his book as a contribution to science, Darwin discovered to his dismay that it was received as an affront by many scientists and as a sacrilege by clergy and Christian citizens. To answer the criticism that his theory was a theory only, and a wild one at that, he published two volumes in 1868 to demonstrate that evolution was obvious to anyone who cared to look at a bull in a pasture or a dog on a hearth.

In response to those who insisted that species were distinct since creation, Darwin pointed to breeders of pigs and pigeons. In reply to those who protested that human intervention is one thing and natural selection another, he argued, "If organic beings had not possessed an inherent tendency to vary, man could have done nothing." To counter those who scorned his descriptions of species in exotic places, he submitted local evidence of cabbages and cauliflower.

Based on a wide array of sources, from ancient pictographs to Polish roosters, from skins and from skeletons, from scientific journals and breeding manuals, Darwin assembled a mass of proof--and a hypothesis about species reversion that risked his reputation anew. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication is a two-volume compilation of his thorough and intensive research and the revolutionary conclusions that resulted. The first portion of his work is dedicated to a meticulous analysis of various aspects of plant and animal life, including an inventory of varieties and their physical and behavioral characteristics, investigation of the impact of a species' surrounding environment and the role that both natural and forced changes in this environment have had. Darwin then turns to a richly detailed discussion of the roles of inheritance and crossing in the development of species. A wealth of illustrations further support and enhance his findings. This fascinating, invaluable, and courageous undertaking eventually formed the foundation for our current understanding of evolution.

"In science as in politics the victors tend to write the history books. As a result, the record of the past is edited, intentionally or unintentionally, so that it focuses mainly on the precursors of contemporary orthodoxy. Such a focus may accurately represent the genealogy of modern ideas, but it almost inevitably misrepresents the historical experience of their progenitors... Even the powerful, persuasive, and ultimately triumphant theory of evolution by natural selection required not only defense, but repeated buttressing and revision. Variation showed Darwin hard at work on this rearguard action, using the materials he had at hand... His information was gleaned from the observations of fanciers, breeders, and amateur naturalists, as well as from the treatises of those on the cutting edge of zoology and botany. As hindsight narrows the historical spotlight, it imposes its own sense of hierarchy on the preoccupations of the past. But Darwin was interested in all of these topics, valued all of these sources, and belonged, to a greater or lesser extent, to all of these communities."--from the Introduction.

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