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Fb2 Audacious Reforms: Institutional Invention and Democracy in Latin America ePub

by Professor Merilee S. Grindle

Category: Humanities
Subcategory: Other
Author: Professor Merilee S. Grindle
ISBN: 0801864208
ISBN13: 978-0801864209
Language: English
Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 1 edition (August 23, 2000)
Pages: 288
Fb2 eBook: 1154 kb
ePub eBook: 1543 kb
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Such "audacious reforms," explains Merilee S. Grindle, reinvent the ways in. .

Such "audacious reforms," explains Merilee S. Grindle, reinvent the ways in which public problems are manifested and resolved, the ways in which political actors calculate the costs and benefits of their activities, and the ways in which social groups relate to the political process. Audacious Reforms examines the creation of new political institutions in three Latin American countries: direct elections for governors and mayors in Venezuela, radical municipalization in Bolivia, and direct election of the mayor of Buenos Aires in Argentina.

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For many Latin Americans, the hopes raised by political democracy over .

For many Latin Americans, the hopes raised by political democracy over the past two decades have been dashed by the realities of persistent poverty and growing social inequality, and by the limited capacity of elected governments to respond to these problems. Grindle argues that although the reforms had an elitist origin, they helped to galvanize potential beneficiaries and strengthen various groups within civil society. In Bolivia, for example, she finds that rural communities and organizations often responded strongly and positively to the new local institutions of government.

This book examines the paradox of states that have been weakened by crisis just as their capacity to encourage .

This book examines the paradox of states that have been weakened by crisis just as their capacity to encourage economic development and provide for effective governance most needs to be strengthened.

Merillee Grindle addresses three questions: Why would rational politicians choose to give up power? . She studies cases of decentralizing political reforms in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Argentina.

Her case studies are loosely guided by eleven hypotheses deduced from three schools of thought. The schools to which she refers in an introductory and concluding chapter are rational choice, comparative institutionalism, and new institutionalism (the latter has.

Books and proceedings. Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000, 391 p. Article outline. Loiseau, Hugo "GRINDLE, Merilee S. Baltimore, Audacious Reforms, Institutional Invention and Democracy in Latin America.

Audacious Reforms: Institutional Invention and Democracy in Latin America Merilee S. Grindle,Edward S Mason Professor of.John Markoff is Professor of Sociology and History at the University of Pittsburgh

John Markoff is Professor of Sociology and History at the University of Pittsburgh. He has published extensively in sociological, historical and political science journals.

Audacious Reforms examines the creation of new political institutions in three Latin American countries: direct elections for governors and mayors in Venezuela, radical municipalization in Bolivia, and direct election of the mayor of Buenos Aires in Argentina. Diverging from the usual incremental processes of political change, these cases marked a significant departure from traditional centralized governments. Such "audacious reforms," explains Merilee S. Grindle, reinvent the ways in which public problems are manifested and resolved, the ways in which political actors calculate the costs and benefits of their activities, and the ways in which social groups relate to the political process.

Grindle considers three central questions: Why would rational politicians choose to give up power? What accounts for the selection of some institutions rather than others? And how does the introduction of new institutions alter the nature of political actions? The case studies of Venezuela, Bolivia, and Argentina demonstrate that institutional invention must be understood from theoretical perspectives that stretch beyond immediate concerns about electoral gains and political support building. Broader theoretical perspectives on the definition of nation and state, the nature of political contests, the legitimacy of political systems, and the role of elites all must be considered. While past conflicts are not erased by reforms, in the new order there is often greater potential for more responsible, accountable, and democratic government.

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