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by Graham Harvey

Category: Economics
Subcategory: Business and Work
Author: Graham Harvey
ISBN: 0099283662
ISBN13: 978-0099283669
Language: English
Publisher: VINTAGE (RAND); New Ed edition (2002)
Pages: 384
Fb2 eBook: 1756 kb
ePub eBook: 1174 kb
Digital formats: docx mbr rtf azw

Forgiveness of Nature Paperback – Import, 2002. Harvey explores many other subjects. His book is easy to read, and out of print.

Forgiveness of Nature Paperback – Import, 2002. by. Graham Harvey (Author). Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Are you an author? Learn about Author Central. It will inspire you to psychoanalyze the suburbanites who spend thousands of dollars obsessively maintaining spooky freakshow lawns that look as natural as Astroturf. They must spend their nights having sweet dreams of chasing antelopes across the endless prairies.

Having read Graham Harvey's The Forgiveness of Nature: The Story of. .Harvey calls it "everyturf" This timely book may prove controversial, but it points a way forward to a time of fair fields full of folk, and earthworms too.

Having read Graham Harvey's The Forgiveness of Nature: The Story of Grass, Roger Deakin fears for the ground beneath our feet. Harvey calls it "everyturf". Hay meadows are one of our oldest inventions, yet we have been so busy trashing them with the plough, the crop sprayer, land drains and chemical fertilisers that only 3% of those we had as recently as 1975 have survived. England now possesses fewer than 20,000 hectares of natural grassland rich in wild flowers. This timely book may prove controversial, but it points a way forward to a time of fair fields full of folk, and earthworms too. Topics. Science and nature books.

This work explores the world of grass from every possible perspective

This work explores the world of grass from every possible perspective. It explains its role of Britain and America (and indeed of Humanity itself), elaborates in minute detail the botany of a grass field or lawn, talks to the groundsmen of Wimbledon and West Ham, explores the ornate history of the lawn-mower and the minutiae of cattle-breeding, and surveys the development of the municipal park.

Here is a substantial book about the stuff that is so ubiquitous, so insistent, that we scarcely accord it any significance at.Yet, writes Harvey, in fact it is full of symbolism and meaning, denoting "a spirit of independence.

Here is a substantial book about the stuff that is so ubiquitous, so insistent, that we scarcely accord it any significance at all: grass.

A former farming journalist his first book, The Killing of the Countryside, has become a classic. Country of Publication. The World, Ideas, Culture": General Interest.

The Forgiveness of Nature: The Story of Grass by Graham Harvey Vintage, 372 pp, £. 9, September 2002, ISBN 0 09.Graham Harvey quite possibly contributes more to agricultural awareness than any other person in Britain. 9, September 2002, ISBN 0 09 928366 2. The Prince of Wales would love The Forgiveness of Nature. It is through him that many of us learn about rotations with red clover, the pros and cons of subsidies, even the health benefits of conjugated linoleic acids in the milk of cows fed on fresh grass.

Graham's first book, The Killing of the Countryside, was published to critical acclaim in 1997 and was the winner of the BP Natural World Book Prize. This was followed by The Forgiveness of Nature; a study of the part grassland has played in the life and culture of Britain

Graham's first book, The Killing of the Countryside, was published to critical acclaim in 1997 and was the winner of the BP Natural World Book Prize. This was followed by The Forgiveness of Nature; a study of the part grassland has played in the life and culture of Britain. At its publication in 2000 it was the Daily Mail's Book of the Week. We Want Real Food was published in 2006 and serialised in both the Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail. This was followed by The Carbon Fields in 2008. His most recent book is Grass Fed Nation, published in 2016

Professor Graham Harvey, Professor of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, The Open University.

Professor Graham Harvey, Professor of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, The Open University.

All flesh is grass The Forgiveness of Nature: The Story of Grass Graham Harvey 371 pp, Jonathan Cape A quarter of the earth’s surface is covered in grass. It is the natural vegetation of the vast, arid regions of steppes, prairies, savannah and veld. But in rainy Britain, if you leave a meadow unglazed for long enough, it will revert to the woodland it once was: each field represents centuries of pastoral work and care. Even a lawn engages our vestigial instincts for husbandry.

Books related to Grass, the Forgiveness of Nature. Sustainability Science. Teaming with Microbes.

Comments to eBook Forgiveness of Nature
Black_Hawk_Down
A great little book packed with lots of information about grasses, without which we would surely suffer. I highly recommend it.
Gozragore
We love grass. It has always been an important part of our living space. But, we do not know its secrets. This is a most important book.
Nidora
I grew up in the battered remains of a once vast hardwood forest in Michigan. I was lucky to spend my childhood wandering in a small surviving remnant. My forest was a sacred place. To me, the western plains felt dry, empty, bleak. But my oldest ancestors evolved on the arid savannahs of Mother Africa — grassland with scattered brush and trees. Grassland was where the big game hung out, and they were good to eat. Recently, I studied horse history, and learned a lot about the vast steppe grasslands of Eurasia. They were also home to big game and nomadic hunters.

I began to get curious about grass. There are maybe 12,000 species of grass, and they inhabit climates between the arctic and equator. More than half of the calories consumed by humankind come from three grasses: rice, wheat, and corn (maize). Others include oats, barley, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, and bamboo.

Clive Ponting noted that in the last 300 years, the world’s grassland has increased 680 percent. The forests of the U.S. Midwest were destroyed to grow corn, wheat, and livestock. The Amazon rainforest is being destroyed to create cattle pasture. So were the rainforests of Britain and Ireland. The list is incredibly long. I discovered that a British grass worshipper, Graham Harvey, had written a passionate book, The Forgiveness of Nature: The Story of Grass.

Nature “forgives” humankind’s tireless vandalism — deserted roads, villages, and battlefields are eventually covered with a healthy carpet of greenery. “Like the horse and hyena, Homo sapiens is first and foremost a creature of the grass,” wrote Harvey. The Bible says “All flesh is grass,” because all flesh is mortal: green today, brown tomorrow; but God is eternal. In 1872, John James Ingalls of Kansas offered a different interpretation. “The primary form of food is grass. Grass feeds the ox: the ox nourishes man: man dies and goes to grass again; and so the tide of life with everlasting repetition, in continuous circles, moves endlessly on and upward, and in more senses than one, all flesh is grass.”

Harvey described the heartbreaking story of the American prairies. Farmers first arrived during an unusually rainy period. They plowed under lots of turf, tapped the fantastic fertility of the rich black soil, and had fantastic harvests for a while, until drought returned, and the Dust Bowl blew away millions of tons of degraded soil. Within 50 years, the party was over. Farming continues today, with significant yields, but the heavily diminished soil is kept on life support by fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation, and fossil fuel.

Native Americans enjoyed the abundance of the prairie for free, hunting herds of 50 million bison. Observers described one herd that was 50 miles (80 km) long and 25 miles (40 km) wide, maybe 480,000 animals. American colonists now use the prairie to raise 45 million cattle, in a capital intensive, fossil fuel powered enterprise that degrades the grassland. Bison evolved on the plains; they grazed and then moved on, allowing the grass to recover. Cattle moved too little, and they were heavily overstocked. Regions of the once-rich ancient turf was “grazed practically to dirt.”

Montana writer Richard Manning summed it up. “Seventy per cent of the grain crop of American agriculture goes to the livestock that replaced the bison that ate no grain, and one wonders, what is agriculture for?” Cattle don’t need grain, but farmers are subsidized to grow enormous surpluses. Harvey lamented the rape of the prairie, “It was a biological powerhouse, rich in wildlife and with a productivity no modern farming system could match. Yet Americans waged a ceaseless war on this priceless asset, and now it has all but disappeared, its life snatched by the quick cut of steel or slowly sapped by overgrazing.”

Harvey carefully described the many ways in which evolution ingeniously created grasslands that could survive almost any challenge — except civilization. They created soil-building humus, which retained moisture and accumulated nutrients. Many plants have very deep roots, up to 32 feet (10 m), which bring up nutrients. They can tolerate fire, drought, and grazing. In fact, they need grazing, to nip off the first shoots of woody shrubs and trees that would compete for sunlight.

Back in the good old days, on the steppe and prairies, the bison and other grazers manicured the turf, and the wooly mammoths controlled the woody plants. With the mammoths and mastodons gone, and elephants fading, humans in many regions around the world have adapted “firestick farming” to expand grassland area, control woody vegetation, improve the vitality of the forage, and attract game. Burning off the dry grasses eliminates hiding places for game, and provides a banquet of roasted grasshoppers and other delicacies.

Grasslands are arid, receiving just 10 to 30 inches (25-50 cm) of rain per year. In wetter prairies, grass can grow tall enough to hide a horse. Lands getting less than 10 inches are desert. More than 30 enables forest. Britain is wet, not arid. Its grasslands are manmade. The land was once largely a rainforest. Over the centuries, nomadic pastoralists gradually cleared trees to expand meadows for their cattle, sheep, and pigs.

In Harvey’s mind, this was the golden age, an era of wonderful freedom and easy living — before the arrival of farming, drudgery, serfdom, and oppressive nobility. It doesn’t occur to him that wild Britain was even freer, when the ancient forest thrived, home to red deer, wild boar, wolves, and aurochs, and the Thames was loaded with salmon. Tragically, agriculture displaced the nomadic herders, “setting Britain on its momentous path to ownership and exclusion, enclosure and dispossession, industrialization and urban living, to factory farming and genetically modified foods.” Harvey screams “Why?”

Sheep sped the Brits down the road to ruin, a sheepwreck. The climate was ideal for producing wool of exceptional quality, which became a major industry, and made many people very rich. This led to the enclosure movement, during which peasant farmers were evicted from the land, so their fields could be converted into valuable sheep pasture. The wool gold rush generated much of the capital needed to launch the industrial revolution.

Many of the evicted farmers migrated into rapidly growing urban slums that were crowded, filthy, and disease ridden. They were joined by hordes of desperate refugees from the Irish Famine. This generated widespread discontent that could not by soothed in gin palaces. The fat cats got nervous, fearing unrest and revolution. Grass came to the rescue. Liverpool, New York, and other cities began building parks, providing islands of green sanity amidst the industrial nightmare world.

Delirious from perpetual growth fever, Brits joined the Americans in racing down the dead-end road of industrial agriculture — synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, big machines, fossil fuel, monocultures, feedlots, mega-farms. Maximum yields were the goal, <bleep> the topsoil, the ecosystem, the grandchildren. This explosion of pure idiocy drove poor Harvey bonkers. He goes to great lengths to enthusiastically educate readers on the magnificence of healthy topsoil, and the many ways that spectacularly stupid people foolishly destroy it.

His grand vision is a wise transition to organic mixed farming, a three-year rotation of winter grain, spring grain, and a fallow of grasses and red clover — combined with regular application of all available manure. While this is better than the current norm, there are some important drawbacks. Every trainload of wheat shipped away to London includes essential nonrenewable nutrients that will never be returned to the farm. The soil nutrients sent to London stay in London, where they are mixed into toxic sludge. Anything less than 100 percent nutrient recycling is an enterprise with an expiration date.

Britain usually has gentle rains, so less soil is washed away than in the U.S., where torrential downpours are common, and soil erosion is a huge problem. Harvey asserts that mixed farming can heal the wrecked soil, rebuild the humus, and restore the millions of tiny creatures that thrive in healthy soil. If people did this everywhere, enough carbon could be sequestered in the soil to snuff climate change. Listen to this: “A return to sound husbandry in agriculture would end global warming without the need for motoring cuts.” Oy!

When my Norwegian ancestors settled in Iowa in 1879, folks were astonished by the coal black topsoil that could be up to 12 feet (3.6 m) deep. This super-fertile soil was created by thousands of years of healthy tall grass prairie. Today, this treasure is nearly gone. Plows are turning up yellow patches of subsoil. A wise elder once concluded that the plow has caused more harm to future generations than the sword.

Harvey explores many other subjects. His book is easy to read, and out of print. It will inspire you to psychoanalyze the suburbanites who spend thousands of dollars obsessively maintaining spooky freakshow lawns that look as natural as Astroturf. They must spend their nights having sweet dreams of chasing antelopes across the endless prairies.
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